Mansoura University leads an International Research Team to Excavate Fossils in the Eastern Desert of Egypt

Mansoura University leads an International Research Team to Excavate Fossils in the Eastern Desert of Egypt

Dr. Sanaa El-Sayed, daughter of Mansoura University caught fish from the Eastern Desert of Egypt. 

Dr. Sanaa El-Sayed, Vice-Director of Vertebrate Paleontology Center at the Faculty of Science, Mansoura University announced the success of an international research team from a number of Egyptian Universities           (Mansoura University and Tanta University) and other American Universities (The American University in Cairo and Michigan University). She documented the exploration of vertebrate fossils' remains from residues which aged 56 million years ago or from the period of PETM which recorded Fossils of the Moon Fish (Mene).

Dr. Sanaa El-Sayed, Vice-Director of Vertebrate Paleontology Center at Mansoura University and the main author of the study confirmed that this exploration is considered a unique scientific event as it is the first time to document different species of fishes in this important period of the geological history in the southern part (Africa, Asia, Southern America, Australia and the South Pole Continent). 

These fish are considered climate sensitive creatures. One of the important results of the study is to discover the Moon Fish Fossil, Mene, and this is the first time to record this kind of fish in the continent of Africa.

The scientific studies proved that reaching the fish community likely survived the PETM heat of the ancient tropical seas by either escaping to deep cool water, or evolving greater tolerance to warm temperatures than scientists had previously appreciated. The carbon dioxide released by recent human activities, which is estimated to be 40 times the rate that led to the PETM climate event, suggests that the planet could reach PETM-like temperatures within only a few centuries.

Prof. Tarek Anan, professor of Sedimentary Rocks at the Faculty of Sciences, Mansoura University and the co-researcher of the study stated that the fossils of the fish were founded in the Ancient Tethi Ocean which covered the Northern Egypt at this time. Besides, the study proved that these rocks were created in an environment which lacks severe Oxygen.

Dr. Mahmoud Faris, Professor of nannofossils at Tanta University and the co-researcher of the study said that this study presents fossils which were excavated from PETM according the study of excavating the nannofossils from the rocks of this study's area, and these fossils were aged 56 Million years ago.

Prof. Hesham Sallam, Professor of nannofossils at the American University in Cairo and the founder of Mansoura University Vertebrate Paleontology Center and the Egyptian team leader stated that this exploration opens the door towards answering important questions that add to us and the world important information in understanding the current global warming by looking at the former experiments that the planet witnessed throughout its ancient history. He added that this scientific paper is a starting point towards a number of explorations which result in exploring journey to collect more information and proofs on this significant historical period for our present and future time. The geologist and ancient biologist care for studying the ancient global warming and its effect on the living creature. This is not only for understating the global warming that our planet sees it currently, but for the predictable impact on the current biological diversity including the future of our human race on the planet.